(1876 - 1955)
One of the premiere French designers of the 20th Century, Maurice Dufrene was born in Paris in 1876. He was educated at Ecole Nationale Superieure des Arts Decoratifs in Paris. By 1899, at the age of just 23, he became the director and manager of La Maison Moderne. This shop represented an association of artists who were working together to create designs which could be produced in multiples. Dufrene's work was first shown at salons in 1902 and from 1903 he regularly exhibited at Salon d'Automne and Salons of Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts. At the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes (which would later give the movement "Art Deco" its name), Dufrene's designs included luxury boutiques, the living room of Une Ambassade Francaise pavilion, the music salon, and the interior of La Maitrise pavilion. In 1904, Dufrene became one of the co-founders of Societe des Artistes Decorateurs which became a pivotal designers' organization and the facilitator of annual exhibitions that provided a venue for contemporary design and were well-documented by the press. He was one of the very few French designers to exhibit at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition held in San Francisco.